Gold Prospecting Equipment – What Tools Are Required?

Gold Prospecting EquipmentGold prospecting equipment comes in two major categories, devices that are used for dry and wet gold recovery methods. Gold detector and dry washers are just a few basic pieces of dry recovery methods that are used in mining sites that do not have access to water supply. As to wet recovery tools, gold pans, suction dredges and heavy duty trommels are used allowing large scale mining companies to process massive quantities of gravel material.

As you may already know, the gold mining equipment choice is really driven by the actual mining site conditions you are planning on working around and your budget preference. Today’s market supplies a large variety of gold prospecting equipment to match any gold mining needs.

The most basic type of gold prospecting equipment that has been around for over a hundred years is a gold panning dish. This method was widely used by forty-niners during the famous Gold Rush Fever in California. However, this method requires very intensive manual labor application and can not be used to process large amounts of ground or riverbed material. In modern days, gold pans are only used for initial material sampling and to determine whether it’s worth to bring in larger gold prospecting equipment pieces. A gold pan is perhaps the most inexpensive and handy tool you can have at hand to try your gold mining skills at.

The next relatively budget friendly piece of gold prospecting equipment has to be the gold sluice box. Throughout the history of gold mining sluice boxes were made of out wood and were rather heavy to handle, nowadays sluicing boxes are made of lightweight aluminum and steel. Sluicing boxes are generally positioned in the upstream portion of the river and loaded with sand and riverbed gravel. The natural river current washes gravel away form the box allowing black sand and gold particles to be detained in a series of riffles fitted inside a sluice box.

A gold dredge is one of the most common modern day gold prospecting tools. The best way to describe how suction dredges work is a vacuum cleaner concept. A large suction hose is fitted to a dredging machine at placed at the bottom of a river. Suction forces masses of riverbed material through a sorting system that removes waste gravel materials back into the water and separates naturally heavy black sand and gold nuggets.

In addition, any well-equipped gold miner needs supplemental gold prospecting pieces of equipment like buckets, shovels, brushes, funnels, tweezers, magnets and many more that allow to carry out final stages of clean up and separate precious gold pieces.